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Oxfam supported its long-term partner Green Watershed in Boduoluo Village in Lijiang, Yunnan, to implement programmes on sustainable resource development and water access management so that the livelihoods of the villagers – who lack natural resources – can be improved. The programme includes providing support for the village to set up women’s groups, and offer handicraft workshops. Green Watershed was awarded the UNDP’s Equator Prize 2015 for their outstanding work on the watershed integrated management programme. Photo: Poon Wai-nang/Oxfam Volunteer Photographer

China is the first country that met the UN target of halving the number of people living in extreme poverty, but the social factors that leave people at risk of falling into or back into poverty are showing a diverse and complex trend. As such, policy research serves a very important role in pooling resources together to implement an effective poverty reduction policy. Oxfam puts much emphasis on empirical research, action research and policy advocacy, and commits to promoting the alleviation and elimination of poverty problems at the institutional level. We are mainly concerned about the following three areas: empirical research on significant national poverty reduction policies, policy feedback based on action research, and the sharing of case studies and experience nationally and internationally.

 

Chinese version of ‘Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality’ report

In response to runaway inequality, Oxfam launched the Even It Up campaign in 2014 and released the report ‘Even It Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality’. In 2016, Oxfam released the Chinese version of the report, which shows the prevalence of economic inequality and the damage it is doing. It further demonstrates how the poorest in developing countries are the worst affected, and how such inequality affects us all.

The report points to two main reasons for inequality: the lack of regulation in the market, which has left the rich richer, and the powerful elites who are influencing government policies in their favour rather than the general public.

Read the report here.

‘Smallholders in China: Past, Present and Future’ Report Released (Bilingual)

Dr. Xu Zhigang,College of Economics and Management at Nanjing Agricultural University, wrote this report with Oxfam’s support.

The report is an analysis of the historical characteristics and development trend of Chinese smallholders, and looks at the plight of smallholders and how they are surviving in the face of marketisation, globalisation and urbanisation. Policy recommendations to foster the development of smallholder farmers are included.

Read the report here.

Oxfam’s Partner, Green Watershed, awarded UNDP’s Equator Prize 2015

Oxfam’s long-term partner in Yunnan, Green Watershed, was awarded the Equator Prize 2015 by UNDP for their outstanding work and achievements on the Lashi Lake Participatory Watershed Integrated Management Programme. The Equator Initiative received 1,461 nominations from 126 countries around the world, and 21 winning initiatives were awarded the prize. Green Watershed was the only organisation in China that was awarded with this prize in 2015.

Oxfam has supported Green Watershed since 2007 to work on the programme in Lashi Lake, an important watershed which is located in Yunnan Province of China. The programme has become a model of indigenous self-organisation and participatory watershed management. Green Watershed responded through sustainable resource management, protecting the mountain forest, the management of access to water and disaster risk reduction. Oxfam also works together with Green Watershed to share the experience they have gained through this programme with other organisations.

 

Community Pilot Project on Precision Poverty Reduction: Rural Development through Agriculture Heritage Protection, Shaanxi Province

This programme aims to explore how agriculture heritage can be used in poverty reduction, and uses Nihegou Village in Jia County in Yulin City of Shaanxi Province as a pilot site. The ancient Chinese date yard in the village was recognised by FAO as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) in 2014. In July of 2015, Oxfam started to support the project and villagers to set up an action group and association for the elderly to solve the problem of an aging village and the lack of opportunities for development.

The implementation of our work in participatory oral history and cultural heritage records inspired a sense of ownership and pride towards the village and the valuable traditional agricultural assets among villagers. Government resources were also pulled in so that the elderly in the village could set up an association for the elderly and find ways to contribute to the village. Young people working in the city have also established an association to show their care towards villagers.