Updated on 21 December, 2017


Act Now!

Hong Kong Donor: Donate Online
Macau Donor: Donate Online


The situation

Since 25 August, more than 626,000 civilians have crossed the border to Bangladesh from Northern Rakhine State in Myanmar, and hundredsmore are arriving every day. Joining more than 212,000 others who have already been living there in cramped makeshift camps since the early 1990s. Hundreds of thousands of people are now living in makeshift settlements as existing refugee camps are reaching their limit. The overcrowded camps, inadequate sanitation facilities and the fact that a significant population are resorting to open defecation has also translated into a high risk of the outbreak of disease.

More than half [54 percent] of the refugees are women and girls. Around half [52 percent] are children under 18. All refugee are in need of emergency food aid. More than 15,000 children under five have been treated for severe acute malnutrition.

Women and girls also lack facilities for their sanitation needs and thus resort to open areas in the overcrowded camps they are staying in, putting them at high risk of exploitation. Besides women-friendly spaces, they also need dignity and safety items, like hygiene products.

Dry season [Nov to March] is putting an added strain on the area’s limited water supplies, increasing the risk of disease. The region is reaching cyclones seasons, the regular risk will endanger people living in flimsy tents in makeshift camps on exposed hillsides areas.

Oxfam’s response

In Bangladesh, Oxfam is responding to the immediate needs of people fleeing conflict and has reached 185,000 Rohingya refugees. We are providing:

  • Clean drinking water through the construction of water tanks, water treatment plants and distribution of water containers for clean drinking water
  • 70 tonnes of flattened rice, 23 tonnes of sugar and 23,000 fortified biscuit packs
  • Portable toilets and sanitation facilities
  • Hygiene kits with hygiene items for women, girls and children and hygiene education
  • We are developing a pilot e-voucher project to reach more refugees with nutritious food including spinach, eggs

We are planning to reach more than 200,000 people during the first phase of our response.

Oxfam’s advocacy

Bangladesh and Myanmar recently agreed to begin repatriating Rohingya refugees at the end of January. Oxfam is calling on the Myanmar authorities to:

  • act to end the violence
  • live up to their commitment to fully implement the recommendations of the Kofi Annan-led Rakhine Commission report, including ensuring that all people in Myanmar have equal rights
  • returns need to be safe and voluntary, with guaranteed freedom of movement
  • independent investigations into human rights violations are essential, with those responsible brought to justice
  • compensation for lost land.

Oxfam is also calling on the international community to do the following:

  • The UN and world leaders should take their share of responsibility and work with the Myanmar and Bangladesh governments to find a durable resolution to this crisis, through diplomacy, emergency relief and development support.
  • The Bangladesh government has generously welcomed in the Rohingya – it should now recognise them all as refugees so they can receive the support they need and remove administrative barriers that are hampering the humanitarian response.

 

Read the latest reports:


Donation methods

Hong Kong

Bank Transfer

  • Hang Seng Bank : 284-401080-006
  • Bank of China : 012-874-0-013040-1

(Please send this form with the original bank receipt)

Macau

Bank Transfer (Oxfam in Macau)

  • Bank of China Macau: 01-01-20-840951 (MOP)
  • Banco OCBC Weng Hang Bank: 743342-001 (MOP)
  • Tai Fung Bank: 201-1-10056-9 (MOP)
  • ICBC Macau: 0119100200005410616 (MOP)
  • BNU Macau: 9012625045 (MOP)

Bank of China Macau cardholders can make donations via BOC Express or BOCNET
(Please choose Special Program: Refugee Crisis)

(Please send the form with the original bank receipt or online payment acknowledgement slip and write "Bangladesh Rohingya Crisis" on the back)


Photo Stories (Chinese only)

「我們現正住在山上,無水洗澡。上一次洗澡已是15日前的事。我和孩子每日來這裡取水十次,這個水瓶是我唯一的貯水容器。家裡已有兩人患有腹瀉了。」——Rukeya 「等了五天,終於收到這糧食包。相信這些糧食足夠我們兩日食用。今天,我們會食用這袋糧食,加上薯仔和白飯,就是我們的晚餐了。」——Mohammad 懷孕5個月的Laila與2個小孩在不久前逃難到孟加拉,而她的丈夫至今仍然生死未卜。在路上,她們只可以從溪流中找到食水,在幸運的日子,路上會有陌生人施捨食物。
     
 
樂施會救援人員正加緊腳步,在連場暴雨及洪水的威脅中,安裝水泵及貯水塔、廁所及帳篷,支援正棲身於科克斯巴扎爾縣共18萬名羅興亞難民,防止傳染病爆發。 在孟加拉的Thengkhali 難民營,救援人員正爭分奪秒,向羅興亞難民派發衞生用品及救援物資,以防霍亂爆發。  「自覺有責任令更多人知道難民嘅苦況。」負責人道救援及災害管理的樂施會同事李寶琪,親訪孟加拉東南部科克斯巴扎爾縣(Cox’s Bazar)的難民營,監察救援進度,將於當地的所見所聞,帶給身處香港的您。
     
 樂施會同事李寶琪和劉德欣到訪孟加拉東南部科克斯巴扎爾縣(Cox’s Bazar)的難民營,一路上看到很多難民忙著把木條及竹枝搬到他們的帳篷附近。原來,每年11至12月是當地的龍捲風季節,因此他們忙著加固帳篷,防止人命傷亡。  「我的家被人放火燒毀,丈夫遭射殺,很多婦女拖著孩子逃亡,其他男人被施襲者重重包圍......」Razida憶述逃亡時的一刻,她抱著孩子,身無長物,6日後徒步抵達孟加拉。  樂施會總裁梁詠雩Trini到訪孟加拉科克斯巴扎爾地區(Cox’s Bazar)的難民營,實地了解羅興亞人的狀況:「難民營的場面震撼了我。短短100日就有超過62萬人逃往科克斯巴扎爾地區,他們都很絕望、身心受創;要應付突如其來的大批人口湧入,已極之艱難,更何況是本身已很貧困,且多年來已接收了大批難民的孟加拉?」
     
 緬甸及孟加拉兩國政府簽署了遣返協議,雙方同意在明年一月底開始遣返羅興亞人回緬甸,聲言是一個安全和自願的遣返。但很多逃難的羅興亞人表示,除非獲得平等權利、人身安全受到保障,否則寧願死也不會回去。  正值逃亡之時,新生命來臨了!23歲的羅米娜(化名)懷胎9月,抵難民營7日後,誕下女嬰。當小女兒在孟加拉Shafiullah Ghata難民營的第五天時,我們去探訪她,聽聽她的經歷。  香港攝影師高仲明上月親訪孟加拉的羅興亞難民營,高仲明坦言:「自己可以做到的事情很少,只想相片能夠讓更多人看到,羅興亞人仍然需要國際的關注和援助。」
     
 樂施會同事親身去到孟加拉邊境最大的難民營庫圖巴朗。該處的情況十分嚴峻,在數個月內有數以十萬計的難民湧入。他們就在一片山丘上用竹枝和帆布搭起簡陋的帳篷,暫時棲身。我們遇到9歲小男孩Abir,在奔跑著放風箏,雖然環境嚴峻,孩子沒有放棄飛翔。  「車子是用撿來的紙盒造的。我用鐵釘在上面打洞,再用繩把它組裝起來,用垃圾堆拿來的汽水樽蓋來做車輪。」Martin一臉興奮地介紹自製的玩具車。他從南蘇丹逃難到烏干達,現身處Bidibidi 難民營。  戰爭令Sarah失去丈夫,她帶著孩子逃難到烏干達,經歷了十分傷痛的日子,亦苦無穩定收入來源。樂施會和合作夥伴,為她提供造首飾的材料及工具,讓她可以重操故業,維持生計,並尋回自信與希望。