Updated on 26 January, 2018
Since 25 August, more than 650,000 civilians have crossed the border to Bangladesh from Northern Rakhine State in Myanmar, and hundreds more are arriving every day. They join more than 212,000 others who have already been living there in cramped makeshift camps since the early 1990s.
Hundreds of thousands of people are now living in makeshift settlements as existing refugee camps are reaching their limit. The overcrowded camps, inadequate sanitation facilities and the fact that a significant population are resorting to open defecation has also translated into a high risk of the outbreak of disease. These are severe risks, especially since this is the fastest-growing refugee emergency in the world today.
More than half (54 per cent) of the refugees are women and girls, while around half (52 per cent) are children under 18; all refugees are in need of emergency food aid. More than 15,000 children under five have been treated for severe acute malnutrition.
Women and girls also lack facilities for their sanitation needs and thus resort to open areas in the overcrowded camps they are staying in, putting them at high risk of exploitation. Besides women-friendly spaces, they also need dignity and safety items, like hygiene products.
Currently it is the dry season (November to March) which is putting an added strain on the area’s limited water supplies, increasing the risk of disease. The risks cyclone season pose also remain a threat as people currently live in flimsy tents in makeshift camps on exposed hillside areas.
Trini Leung, Oxfam Hong Kong’s Director General (top left photo, standing on the right) and Cheung Yuk Tong, Council Chair of Oxfam Hong Kong (top left photo, standing on the left), visited a refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, last December to learn about the situation there and the impact of Oxfam’s work. In the bottom left photo, Trini is standing beside Zulfiquar Ali Haider, one of Oxfam’s most experienced water and sanitation hygiene experts, and is listening to him explain how Oxfam responded rapidly to the needs of the refugees in Bangladesh. Trini also monitored the water supply at Unchiprang refugee camp (top right photo); a clean and stable supply of water not only keeps people hydrated, but also prevents the spread of disease. Oxfam is also distributing hygiene kits and promoting good hygiene practices, like handwashing, how to store drinking water and how to keep latrines clean.
In Bangladesh, Oxfam is responding to the immediate needs of people fleeing conflict and has reached 185,000 Rohingya refugees. We are providing:
- Clean drinking water through the construction of water tanks and water treatment plants, and distributing water containers for clean drinking water
- 70 tonnes of flattened rice, 23 tonnes of sugar and 23,000 fortified biscuit packs
- Portable toilets and sanitation facilities
- Hygiene kits with hygiene items for women, girls and children, and hygiene education
- We are developing a pilot e-voucher project to reach more refugees with nutritious food, including spinach and eggs.
We are planning to reach more than 200,000 people during the first phase of our response.
- Hang Seng Bank : 284-401080-006
- Bank of China : 012-874-0-013040-1
(Please send this form with the original bank receipt)
Bank Transfer (Oxfam in Macau)
- Bank of China Macau: 01-01-20-840951 (MOP)
- Banco OCBC Weng Hang Bank: 743342-001 (MOP)
- Tai Fung Bank: 201-1-10056-9 (MOP)
- ICBC Macau: 0119100200005410616 (MOP)
- BNU Macau: 9012625045 (MOP)
Bank of China Macau cardholders can make donations via BOC Express or BOCNET
(Please choose Special Program: Refugee Crisis)
(Please send the form with the original bank receipt or online payment acknowledgement slip and write "Bangladesh Rohingya Crisis" on the back)