Updated on 21 December, 2017
Since 25 August, more than 626,000 civilians have crossed the border to Bangladesh from Northern Rakhine State in Myanmar, and hundredsmore are arriving every day. Joining more than 212,000 others who have already been living there in cramped makeshift camps since the early 1990s. Hundreds of thousands of people are now living in makeshift settlements as existing refugee camps are reaching their limit. The overcrowded camps, inadequate sanitation facilities and the fact that a significant population are resorting to open defecation has also translated into a high risk of the outbreak of disease.
More than half [54 percent] of the refugees are women and girls. Around half [52 percent] are children under 18. All refugee are in need of emergency food aid. More than 15,000 children under five have been treated for severe acute malnutrition.
Women and girls also lack facilities for their sanitation needs and thus resort to open areas in the overcrowded camps they are staying in, putting them at high risk of exploitation. Besides women-friendly spaces, they also need dignity and safety items, like hygiene products.
Dry season [Nov to March] is putting an added strain on the area’s limited water supplies, increasing the risk of disease. The region is reaching cyclones seasons, the regular risk will endanger people living in flimsy tents in makeshift camps on exposed hillsides areas.
In Bangladesh, Oxfam is responding to the immediate needs of people fleeing conflict and has reached 185,000 Rohingya refugees. We are providing:
- Clean drinking water through the construction of water tanks, water treatment plants and distribution of water containers for clean drinking water
- 70 tonnes of flattened rice, 23 tonnes of sugar and 23,000 fortified biscuit packs
- Portable toilets and sanitation facilities
- Hygiene kits with hygiene items for women, girls and children and hygiene education
- We are developing a pilot e-voucher project to reach more refugees with nutritious food including spinach, eggs
We are planning to reach more than 200,000 people during the first phase of our response.
Bangladesh and Myanmar recently agreed to begin repatriating Rohingya refugees at the end of January. Oxfam is calling on the Myanmar authorities to:
- act to end the violence
- live up to their commitment to fully implement the recommendations of the Kofi Annan-led Rakhine Commission report, including ensuring that all people in Myanmar have equal rights
- returns need to be safe and voluntary, with guaranteed freedom of movement
- independent investigations into human rights violations are essential, with those responsible brought to justice
- compensation for lost land.
Oxfam is also calling on the international community to do the following:
- The UN and world leaders should take their share of responsibility and work with the Myanmar and Bangladesh governments to find a durable resolution to this crisis, through diplomacy, emergency relief and development support.
- The Bangladesh government has generously welcomed in the Rohingya – it should now recognise them all as refugees so they can receive the support they need and remove administrative barriers that are hampering the humanitarian response.
Read the latest reports:
- 'I still don't feel safe to go home': voices of Rohingya refugees
- Rapid Protection, Food Security and Market Assessment
- Hang Seng Bank : 284-401080-006
- Bank of China : 012-874-0-013040-1
(Please send this form with the original bank receipt)
Bank Transfer (Oxfam in Macau)
- Bank of China Macau: 01-01-20-840951 (MOP)
- Banco OCBC Weng Hang Bank: 743342-001 (MOP)
- Tai Fung Bank: 201-1-10056-9 (MOP)
- ICBC Macau: 0119100200005410616 (MOP)
- BNU Macau: 9012625045 (MOP)
Bank of China Macau cardholders can make donations via BOC Express or BOCNET
(Please choose Special Program: Refugee Crisis)
(Please send the form with the original bank receipt or online payment acknowledgement slip and write "Bangladesh Rohingya Crisis" on the back)
Photo Stories (Chinese only)