Mainland China - Development Programmes - What We Do - Oxfam Hong Kong
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Mainland China

Caption: We work together with partners like civil society organisations, government departments at all levels and research institutions to carry out disaster risk reduction and relief work, as well as rural and urban livelihood and advocacy programmes.

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Over the past 30 years, there has been significant progress in mainland China. However, many of the poorest who live in/from rural areas, such as ‘left-behind’ seniors, women and children, migrant children and workers, and domestic workers still live in relative poverty. Although the Chinese government has invested more resources in education, health, rural infrastructure and dealing with the aging population*, the gap between the rich and the poor in the Mainland remains wide (Gini coefficient in the Mainland: 0.57)

Oxfam has been working in China for over 33 years. As of March 2020, we have supported a total of over 3,750 projects in 31 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities, and spent more than HK$1.6 billion. Nearly 13.8 million people in China have benefited; these include poor farmers in remote mountainous areas, ethnic minorities, women and children, migrant workers and HIV/AIDS patients.

Oxfam believes that over the next few decades, social inequality will continue to be an issue in mainland China, especially in terms of the the gap between urban and rural areas, and the rights of migrant workers and their families. Oxfam believes that in light of COVID-19, now is the perfect time to strengthen the social protection and health coverage of migrant workers from rural areas.

*Currently, 12.6 per cent of the population in mainland China is 65 or above; this number will rise to 20 per cent by 2030.

Learn more: Oxfam in China Programme Brief