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Working Poverty and Labour Rights

Working poverty and labour rights

Liu Ka-yee's ‘Cleaner's Theme Park’ which was displayed at ‘Poverty. Full-time.’ An art exhibition on working poverty. (Photo: Ducky Tse)

The Situation

Working poverty has become a serious issue. According to the Hong Kong Poverty Situation Report 2018, 475,600 people, or over 144,600 households, made up the working poor in Hong Kong. Since the minimum wage was introduced in 2011, it has always lagged behind inflation and has thus continued to keep many who work poor.

That is why Oxfam has continued to urge the government to review the minimum wage level to ensure it meets the basic needs of workers and their families. We are also calling on the government to review the minimum wage at least once a year so that it keeps up with inflation, and review its outsourcing system to protect low-income outsourced workers.
 

Employment Situation Amidst the Epidemic

 Employment Situation Amidst the Epidemic Press Conference

 ‘Survey on low-income families’ employment situation amidst the epidemic’ 

Oxfam together with three other civil society organisations, we conducted the survey. We found that unemployment among low-income families had increased by 400 per cent since Chinese New Year. 

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Outsourced Government Cleaners’ Working Conditions Amidst Epidemic

While distributing masks and hand sanitiser, we worked with our partners to interview 149 cleaners from across 15 districts to understand cleaners’ working conditions during the epidemic. The results were announced at our joint press conference on 18 February; many interviewees said they were ill equipped. We thus urge the government and outsourced cleaning companies to provide cleaners with the protective equipment they need. Learn more here.


hOW WE'RE HELPING
Making Poverty Wages

Madame Hing

‘Usually, people cover their noses when they’re around cleaners, but after the exhibition, some of the residents would cheer me on when they see me; they make me feel respected.’ 

----Madam Hing

Madam Hing is proud to see her own photo displayed at the exhibition, calling for care on the situations of grassroot workers. (Photo: Derek Yung)


‘The garbage stinks to high heaven, especially when I come in on summer mornings,’ said Madam Hing, who has been working as a cleaner for 11 years.

It’s not just the pungent odour she needs to deal with though. ‘When bags of rubbish fall through the refuse chute into the garbage bins, shards of glass and other rubbish fly in all directions, easily hurting anyone around,’ she said explaining the dangers of her work.

Hing works nine hours a day and makes minimum wage. She said, ‘Every day I throw out hundreds of kilograms of garbage and it’s quite physically taxing. Sometimes, I really wish I could take a day off to rest.’ Although labour laws require employees to take a day off for every six days of work, employers often pressure employees to continue working, using what little they make in a day as motivation and the lack of manpower as an excuse. This, however, means many low-income workers need to work continuously for extended periods of time.

Aside from long working hours, these workers also lack labour protection. ‘Every few years, employers make us sign new contracts so that we aren’t able to receive Long Service Payment,’ said Hing annoyedly. She went on, ‘Minimum wage is too low; it should be raised.’

To help the public better understand the challenges those in working poverty face, we partnered with photographer Ducky Tse to hold ‘Poverty. Full-time: An art exhibition on working poverty’ in January 2017. Not only did the exhibition draw many visitors, it also garnered much media attention and helped the wider public better understand and even change their attitudes towards low-income workers.

Oxfam has long been concerned about the difficulties low-income workers face. That’s why we’ll continue fighting to bring change to labour laws. We’re doing everything from calling on the government to review minimum wage and ensuring it keeps up with inflation, to urging it to improve labour protection for those employed under non-continuous contracts.

 

'Street cleaners are the true pride of Hong Kong!'

---- Ng On-yee


Women’s world snooker champion Ng On-yee got a taste of what being a cleaner was like, as she took part in curator Ducky Tse’s photo shoot for  the exhibition. 

 

Poverty. Full-time

Poverty. Full-time. 

In January 2017, Oxfam partnered with photographer Ducky Tse to organise ‘Poverty. Full-time. An art exhibition on working poverty’. Eleven visual art teams participated in it to encourage the public to reflect on the value of labour. Learn more about the exhibition below.

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Oxfam’s Policy research

mar 2020Employment Situation Amidst the Epidemic
Dec 2018Report on Hong Kong Living Wage Research
oct 2018Hong Kong Inequality Report
jun 2017Research on Low-Income Casual Work in Hong Kong
oct 2016Hong Kong Poverty Report 2011-2015 (2016)
sep 2015Report on Hong Kong’s Working Poor (2010 – 2014)
dec 2013Report on the Living Standards of Working Poor Families with Children
apr 2013Trends of the Working Poor and Proposal for a Low Income Family Subsidy
nov 2012Oxfam Hong Kong Poverty Report: Employment and Poverty in Hong Kong Families (2003-2012)